Dolpa Tichurong Heritage trek is an exclusive journey in the Dolpa region of Nepal. Historically Tichurong valley is the middle valley of Dolpo district, lies in between Lower Dolpa and Upper dolpo, home to Magar Kaike/Tichurongba. Historical this valley is now named as Kaike Rural Municipality in the federal government system of Nepal and have 7 wards (the grassroots) government body. In this valley, one of the endangered dialect of the world ‘Kaike’ is spoken in five village like, Shahartara, Tuppatara, Tarakot, Beluwa and Shamtiling. Whereas, Tichurong Ke is spoken in Baijibara, Banthada, Lawan, Chilpari, Khani, Kola, Gumbatara, Rukha, Ribuka. Ethnically all the inhabitants on this valley are Magar people.
“Tichurong” is permutation of ‘Tise and rong’ in Tibetan language ‘Tise’ means Mt.Kailash and ‘rong’ means the valley. Hence, Tichurong is the valley which has geographical alignment with Mt.Kailash. In the biography of his holiness Lama Tatu Urgyan Tenjin’s life history, it is mentioned that Tichurong is the borderline of Himalayan(Bhot/Poe) and Lower Land(Khasan/Mhon), Tichurong (Poe rang Mhon e sajam).
Tichurong valley is also known as, ‘Rong’, ‘Taral’, the inhabitants in this valley are follower of Lama Buddhism and Bon, Shamanism. However, they have their own indigenous God ‘Chyohopata’ and they celebrate Rung, Rungma, Chhaigo, and Maghe Sangkranti etc. as their major festival.
Dolpa Tichurong Heritage Trek is a complete exploration and discovering Tichurong valley of Dolpa district. In this trek we, explore the historical, religious and cultural heritages of Tichurong valley. We stay in local houses and eat local foods to experience the local livelihood. This trek takes you from Dunai to Tuppatara, a village where ‘Mappa Jhankri’ is originated, then to Shahartara, hot spring and Gumbatara.
Gumbatara is another highlight of this trek, many years ago it was believed that there was a milk lake in Gumbatara. Once when, the two Lamas, Bon Lama of Parli ‘Lama Melha’ and Nyingma Buddhist Lama of ‘Nakpo Jumne’ of Gumbatara were revenged each other to show their power. Then, the Bon Lama from Parli, drought the milk lake.
Beyond Gumbatara village we ascend to Swor Khola valley, and then we visit the Puta glacier and Sworchung Glacier Lake. Puta glacier is another legendary glacier where ‘Chyohopata- a devine and indigenious god of Tichurongba’ used to live and bless the Tichurong valley. It is also believed that, if the Puta glacier is melted then whole universe will be destructed.
After Sworchung Khola, we pass the Pang Dake La and camp to Danti and descend to Nechen Dechen Palri. ‘Nechen Dechen Palri’ a great sacred pilgrims of Tichurong valley which is mentioned in autobiography of Tatu Urgen Tenjin and Ani Urgen Chuiki.
From the Nechen Dechen Palri, we further decends to Chhyadul gompa Ta kyaljen valley. ‘Chhyadul and Ta kyaljen’ is one of the most sacred pilgrimages of Tichurong valley. The root word of Chhyadul was Sa duhi and Sa Dul. Literally ‘Sa’ means land, and ‘Duhi’ means inclusion and commonly ‘Sa Duhi’ inclusion all pilgrimage in one place. On the other hand ‘Sa’ means land and ‘Dul’ means conquered hence, once upon the great magic guru ‘ Padmashanbhava’ chased a demon from Mt. Kailash all the way to Upper Dolpo and finally the demon was surrender in the Chhyadul and Ta kyaljen valley, then it is named as ‘Sa Dul’ and ‘the conquered land’. In addition, there are several foot traces of lama, guru, and Dakinis and all these traces have many legendary tales. Making kora of Chhyadul and Ta Kyaljen valley, we head to the Bon sacred landscape of ‘Riwo Palwar’.
‘Riwo Palwar’ is another interesting feature of this trek. ‘Riwo Palwar’ is the place where great Bonpo lama ‘Melha’ had meditated and showed his spiritual power.
The last but not the least, is ‘Byas Rishi Tapobhumi’. This is place where ‘Veda’ creator ‘Yogi Byas’ spends his time to writing of ‘Vedas’. This is very important and sacred place to Hindu, specially ‘Shamans’. During the festival of Shaman ‘Bhadra Puni’ and ‘ Srawan Puni’ many Shamans from West Nepal come to visit this sacred land.